This study sought to investigate the strategies employed by smallholder agribusiness production systems in climate adaptation. The research focused on three independent variables; Business innovation opportunities, Smallholder risk assessment measures and Smallholder supply chain optimisation programs on climate change adaptation. The study adopted a cross sectional survey research design targeting 94 smallholders and agribusinesses in Mau Ranges in Nakuru County through a purposive sample size of 47. Data was collected through both structured questionnaires and structured interviews. Quantitative data was analysed descriptively and qualitative data was analysed using content analysis. The finding of the study shall be useful to the stakeholders especially the local farmers and businesses that benefit from agriculture. The supply chain optimisation and value addition technologies will be enhanced, hence Smallholder production systems can capitalise on climate change adaptation and biodiversity loss by developing technologies, products and services that help to improve resilience to the effects of climate related risks and opportunities.
Key Words: Smallholder Agribusiness, Climate Change Adaptation, Business Innovation, Risk Management, Supply Chain Optimization, Biodiversity Loss